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Instructions to Authors
Brief Instructions to Authors

The Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery (JCEN), in continuous publication since 1998, is the official journal of ¡®Korean Society of Cerebrovascular Surgeons¡¯ and ¡®Society of Korean Endovascular Neurosurgeons¡¯. The joint venture between ¡®Korean Journal of Cerebrovascular Surgery¡¯ and ¡®Journal of Korean Society of Intravascular Neurosurgery¡¯ is effective as of March 2012 with all new publications following the Volume and Number of ¡®Korean Journal of Cerebrovascular Surgery.¡¯ This journal publishes papers dealing with clinical or experimental works on cerebrovascular disease. Accepted papers will include original work (clinical and laboratory research), case reports, technical notes, review articles, letters to the editor, and other information of interest to cerebrovascular neurosurgeon. Review articles can also be published upon specific request by the journal.

For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, JCEN ethical guideline and Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals ( is applied.
Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts must be submitted to the official JCEN website at

1. First-time Users
Please click “Register” in the main homepage at Upon successful registration, an email with your username and password will be sent. Please save this information for future reference.

2. Corresponding Authors
Please click “Login” in the main homepage and login to the JCEN system as an author. If your manuscript has satisfied all the requirements set forth by the JCEN, follow the directions on the webpage to submit your manuscript. You will continually be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the JCEN system at

Complete Introduction for Authors is available at homepage, If you are experiencing any problems or difficulties, please contact the JCEN Editorial Office.

Dae-Won Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwang University
School of Medicine and Hospital, 895, Muwang-ro, Iksan-si, Jeollabuk-do 54538, Korea.
Tel. : +82-02-2279-9560
Fax : +82-02-2279-9561

The ¡°Checklist¡± for copyright agreement should be downloaded from the homepage, and after signature of all authors listed on the manuscript, should be scanned with the resolution of 300 dpi to make a JPG file. It should be submitted through the JCEN system along with manuscript.

Duplicate or Redundant Publication

The Council of Science Editors defines redundant publication as “reporting (publishing or attempting to publish) substantially the same work more than once, without attribution of the original source(s)” (CBE Views 1996;19(4):76-77). Characteristics of reports that are substantially similar include (1) “at least one of the authors must be common to all reports”; (2) “the subject or study populations are often the same or similar”; (3) “the methodology is typically identical or nearly so”; and (4) “the results and their interpretation generally vary little, if at all.”
Similar to other journals, the JCEN also considers as redundant or duplicate publication any work that was previously published in a language other than English, unless full disclosure was initially made by the authors and the Editor-in-Chief agreed to publish and so identified this material. A determination of redundant or duplicate publication will result in immediate rejection of the article and notification of the Editor(s) of other journals involved.


The World Association of Medical Editors defines “Plagiarism” as the use of others’ published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. When an idea or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format (print or electronic), this misleads the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. If plagiarism is detected at any time before publication, the JCEN will request the author to either cite the original source or rewrite the section. When the plagiarism is extensive, the editors will take appropriate action to notify both readers and the author’s employers of the infraction.

Manuscript Format

  • Language: English only
  • Font: Times New Roman, 11pt
  • Double-spaced (200%)
  • Layout: A4
  • Microsoft Word 2003 or higher (doc or docx) only

The page should be counted from the abstract. The manuscript should not include any name the authors or their institutions. Spell out all abbreviations at first occurrence, and then introduce them by placing the abbreviation in parenthesis after the term being abbreviated.

Manuscripts for the Journal should be prepared in English. Korean medical terms for Korean should be selected from the most recent English-Korean Korean-English Medical Terminology published by KMA (

Original Research

1. Title page
Include only the title of manuscript in title page. When the manuscript has accepted, we will request a complete one including the followings:
When the manuscript has accepted, we will request a complete one including the followings:
  • All authors¡¯ full names and academic degrees
  • Departmental and institutional affiliations for each author
  • Information on the previous presentation of the research in conferences
  • Disclosure of funding, and the source of financial support and industry affiliations
  • Corresponding Author contact information and ORCID Number
2. Abstract

  • Limit: 250 words
  • Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion should be included
  • Keywords - provide list in alphabetic order (maximum of 6), based on Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) of Index Medicus and the Web site (
  • Running head with no more than 6 words
3. Introduction
The introduction should address the purpose of the article concisely, and include background reports mainly relevant to the purpose of the paper.

4. Materials and Methods
Materials and Methods section should include sufficient details of the design, objects, and methods of the article in order, as well as the data analysis strategies and control of bias in the study. The authors should identify any statistics software and statistical test used to analyze the data, and provide the prospectively determined p-value that was taken to indicate a significant difference.

  • Human Studies
With any studies involving humans, please state the following in this section: (1) Approval of the study by the local institutional review board (IRB) and (2) Acknowledgement of obtaining informed consent. Also, please provide the registration number of the clinical trial, the name and URL of the registry. Although data or images identifying the study patients and/or volunteers are generally forbidden in the manuscript, if any identifying data or images are included in the manuscript, the authors must also submit a signed release form, permitting publication in both print and electronic version from the study patient/volunteer or person authorized to give consent.

  • Animal Studies
Please refer to the Guide for the care and Use of Laboratory animals (Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996) for detailed standards of conducting an animal research. With any studies involving animals, please state in this section that the study was performed in accordance with those standards and the study animals were humanly treated and handled in the study.
Refer for other types of research to Complete Information for Authors at homepage.

5. Results
The authors should describe logically their results of observations and analyses performed using methodology given in the previous section and provide actual data. For biometric measurements in which considerable amount of stochastic variation exists a statistical treatment should be used in principle. Experimental results should be described using Arabic numbers and the SI unit system. Actual p-values should be reported rather than threshold.

6. Discussion
Discussions about the findings of the research and interpretations in relation to other studies are made. It is necessary to emphasize the new and critical findings of the study, not to repeat the results of the study presented in the previous sections. The meaning and limitation of observed facts should be described, and the conclusion should be related to the objective of the study only when it is supported by the results of the research.

7. Conclusion
The conclusion section should include a concise statement of the major findings of the study in accordance with the study purpose.

8. References
All references should be alphabetized by the first author¡¯s last name. Only references cited in text must appear in the reference list and marked in the form of superscript at the end of the sentences they were used in text. The domestic reference should be cited in English language. When a work has six or less authors, cite the names of all authors. When a work has over six authors, cite the first six authors¡¯ name followed by ¡°et al.¡± JCEN reference style is in accordance with the reference style of the national Library of medicine (NLM). Please refer to Abbreviations for journal titles should be congruent with the style of Index Medicus.

  • Examples of references:
Coubes P, Cif L, El Fertit H, Hemm S, Vayssiere S, Picot MC, et al. Electrical stimulation of the globus pallidus internus in patients with primary generalized dystonia: long-term results. J Neurosurg. 2004 Aug;101(2):189-94.
Authored Book
Jefferson G. The Invasive Adenomas of the Anterior Pituitary. Springfield, IL. Charles C Thomas, 1995, p. 56-60.
Article or Chapter in an Edited Book
Bloodworth JMB Jr, Kovacs K, Horvath E. Light and electron microscopy of pituitary tumors, in Linfoot JA (ed). Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pituitary Tumors. New York: Raven Press, 1979. p. 141-59.

9. Tables and figure legend
They should contain sufficient details as to be intelligible without reference to the main text. Each table should be printed on a separate sheet.
Case Report

  • Abstract - Limits: 200 words. Describe abstract without heading.
  • Text includes introduction, case report, discussion, and conclusion.
Technical Note

  • Abstract - Limits: 200 words. Describe abstract without heading.
  • Text includes headings same with original research.
    Refer for other types of articles to Complete Information for Authors at homepage.
Figures and Illustrations

They should be submitted individually (Namely, if Figure 1 is divided into A, B, C, and D, do not combine them into one, but submit each of them separately).

  • Figure format - JPG file. Grayscale or RGB
  • Resolution
    - Line art: 1200 dpi
    - Halftones: 300 dpi
    - Combo: 600 dpi
If the quality of the photographs is considered as inappropriate for printing, resubmission of them can be requested by the journal. Authors should submit figures in black and white if they want them to be printed in black and white. Authors are responsible for any additional costs of producing color figures. The description of each figure should be stated separately and attached to the end of the article text.
Publication and Reprints

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication by the journal, it will be sent to the press, and page proofs will be sent to authors. Authors must respond to the page proofs as soon as possible after making necessary corrections of misspellings, and the location of the photographs, figures or tables. Authors can make corrections for only typing errors, and are not allowed to make any author alteration or substantive changes of the text. Proofs must be returned to the press within 72 hours of receipt. No response from the authors within this time frame will lead the publication of the proof read without corrections, and the editorial board is not responsible for any mistakes or errors occurring in this process. A reprint order form should be filled out and returned to the press along with the page proofs.


Editorial Office Contact Information
The Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery (JCEN), Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwang University
School of Medicine and Hospital, 895, Muwang-ro, Iksan-si, Jeollabuk-do 54538, Korea.
Tel. 82-02-2279-9560, Fax. 82-02-2279-9561, E-mail:, Dae-Won Kim
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